Earth and Moon Phase embed Tudo o que me trouxe até aqui.


these star trail composite images, created by stacking several photos on top of each other, were taken by justin ng from the heavily light polluted city of singapore.

notes justin, “many people don’t believe such incredible star images can be taken here,” but “my main objective is to show you it’s possible to shoot star trails in a light polluted city.”

he adds, "i hope everyone can do their part to stop light pollution so we can preserve our dark sky for future generations."  (see also: light pollution posts)


Ancient Worlds - BBC Two 

Episode 4 “Return of the King”

The Royal Tombs of Aigai, the ancient first capital of the Kingdom of Macedonia, near Vergina.

Tomb II, “Tomb of Philip" the tomb thought to have belonged to King Philip II of Macedonia contained a wealth of exquisite valuables and weapons including a gold wreath and a gold gorytos (quiver-and-bow-case) The relief decoration is a narrative of warriors fighting, as a female figure runs away in fright. The specific battle is the capture of a city.

Fourteen ivory portrait heads were also found in the main chamber; one of them was identified as Philip II.


Vergina, Macedonia, Greece


The oldest ‘art’ I have ever posted on this blog.

Found on the floor of a cave in Gibraltar which was occupied by Neanderthals, this etching was made 39,000 years ago, or "perhaps many millennia before" (Tom Higham, University of Oxford).

The nature of this ‘art’ remains a matter of debate. Some have suggested that it is some form of abstract symbol, reinforcing the notion that Neanderthals were capable of subtle symbolic thought. Regardless, it seems apparent that the etching was made purposefully, as the work by Francesco d’Errico of the University of Bordeaux has made clear: "This was not doodling […] It required a lot of effort."Likewise, they do not seem to have been the by-product of butchering: “The pattern was clearly purposefully made, and not a utilitarian activity. There was a will to produce an abstract pattern.” Higham and Paul Pettitt of Durham University, while agreeing that the pattern is intentional, are more reluctant to suggest that the abstract nature of the etching says something about Neanderthal thinking. 

Either way, when considering recent discoveries suggesting that Neanderthals wore jewellery of feathers and painted shells, the discovery does not seem so surprisingAs April Nowell of the University of Victoria in Canada states: “If the date and the species attribution stand […the results] fit well with what we know about Late Neanderthal culture”.

Recommended reading: ‘A rock engraving made by Neanderthals in Gibraltar.' Journal reference: PNAS, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1411529111. The New Scientist article on the matter was also used when writing this post up, who also uploaded the shown video of the etching to Youtube.

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